Summer Course Detailed Programme

Sessions and Contents

Sunday, 18 July

All day long - Keep-together activities.

19:00 - Cheese & wine courtesy party.

21:00 - Invited lecture: "Surfing big waves - how waves developed", by Pedro Bicudo.

The lecture starts with a mini-course on oceanography aimed at the physics of ocean waves, wave prediction and quantifying the quality of a beach for surfing. It will end up with the importance of preserving coastal environment for surfing. Pedro Bicudo is a physics professor at IST and is main research activity is on studying quark confinement in Lattice QCD and on applying chiral symmetry breaking in quark models. He is a surfer enthusiast, an activist for saving waves endangered by see walls or jetties and a researcher in artificial reefs for surfing.

Monday, 19 July

09:30 - Introduction to plasma physics, by Hugo Terças:

  • Definition of plasma
  • Occurrence of plasmas in Nature; plasmas in the lab; plasmas at home
  • Range of plasma parameters
  • World energy consumption and global warming; advantages of nuclear fusion energy
  • Confinement processes

11:00 - Break

11:15 - Introduction to plasma physics (cont.):

  • Single particle motions; drifts in E and B fields
  • Plasma oscillations and plasma waves
  • Particle transport in weakly and fully ionized plasmas
  • Kinetic description
  • Plasma applications: innovative technologies (clean energy, environment protection and remediation, biomedicine, nanomaterials, etc.)

12:30 - Lunch

14:00 - Computational physics, by Jorge Vieira:

  • Challenges in plasma modelling and the hierarchy of plasma models -
  • Massivelly parallel computing and plasma physics
  • The particle-in-cell model: from kinetics to hybrid models
  • Case studies: from the laboratory to astrophysics: (a) plasma based accelerators;(b) collisionless shocks;(c) relativistic astrophysics.

15:30 – Adjourn

16:00 - Outdoor activities


Tuesday, 20 July

09:30 - Topics in magnetic nuclear fusion, by António Figueiredo:

  • Why fusion?
  • The tokamak
  • Equilibrium
  • Transport of particles and energy
  • Instabilities
  • Outstanding issues

11:00 - Break

11:15 – Introduction to inertial confinement fusion, by Thomas Grismayer/Kevin Schoeffler:

  • The landscape and status of inertial fusion energy
  • Basics of inertial confinement fusion
  • Advanced inertial confinement fusion concepts

12:30 – Lunch

14:00 – Plasmas Diagnostics, by Carlos Silva

15:30 – Adjourn


Wednesday, 21 July

09:30 - Kinetic and magneto-hydrodynamic description of a plasma, by Paulo Rodrigues:

  • Distribution function and its moments
  • From the Vlasov equation to the fluid equations
  • MHD description of a plasma
  • Electron plasma waves and Landau damping

11:00 - Break

11:15 – Plasmas in space, by Mário Lino da Silva:

  • Context: Space plasmas and plasmas for Space exploration
  • Plasmas in Space
  • Plasmas for Space Propulsion
  • Atmospheric Entry Plasmas

12:30 - Lunch

14:00 - Introduction to Python, by Bernardo de Carvalho:

  • Basic features
  • NumPy
  • matplotlib
  • SciPy

15:30 – Adjourn

16:00 - Outdoor activities


Thursday, 22 July

09:30 - Plasma technologies for material processing, by Tiago Silva:

  • Introduction. Low-temperature plasmas. Technological applications
  • Gas discharges: (a) Breakdown; (b) Townsend discharges and Paschen's law; (c) Sheaths.

11:00 – Break

11:15 – Plasma technologies for material processing (cont.)

Plasma reactors: (a) General scheme: vacuum system, injection system, power system, cooling system; (b) Classification: capacitive radio-frequency reactors, high-density reactors, DC discharges.

12:30 - Lunch

14:00 - Remote experiments operation, by Horácio Fernandes:

  • The e-lab platform
  • The Langmuir probe experiment
  • A remote apparatus control and data retrieve

15:30 – Adjourn

16:00 - Outdoor activities


Friday, 23 July

09:30 - The ITER project challenges and the JET contribution, by Bruno Gonçalves:

  • Tokamak engineering
  • JET contribution for scenario development
  • Plasma wall interaction and Materials
  • ITER challenges (heating, diagnostics and materials)
  • The way to fusion electricity

11:00 – Break

11:15 – Lasers and laser-plasma interaction, by Gonçalo Figueira:

  • Lasers
  • High power lasers
  • Laser-plasma interaction and applications

12:30 - Lunch

14:00 - Data analysis, by Horácio Fernandes:

  • Analysis of the I-V Langmuir probe characteristics for different plasma conditions
  • Assess the validity of the probe measurements
  • Report elaboration

15:30 – Closing session

16:00 - Outdoor activities

20:00 - Farewell Party